Over the world countries celebrate this special day. Independence Day Celebration In Ghana is no exception to marking of this day.
Ghana declared independence from Britain on the 6th of March 1957. This was the reward of the efforts of “The Big 6”-Great Ghanaian politicians then , who began a political party in 1947 called ‘United Gold Coast Convention’ which declared self-governance.
In 1949, Convention People’s Party(CPP) was formed by Kwame Nkrumah. In 1957, demanding for self-governance, the coastal Gold Coast region declared independence from United Kingdom. Ghana gained her independence on 6th March 1957. The first African country to do so.
Times Gone By:
The scene of the independence was set in August 1947 when The Big Six (Kwame Nkrumah, Joseph Boakye Danquah, Ebenezer Ako-Adjei, Edward Akufo-Addo, Emmanuel Obetsebi-Lamptey and William Ofori Atta) formed the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) which was exploring ways to independence. Kwame Nkrumah went on to become the General Secretary of the party.
In February 1948, 68 former-servicemen, protesting against the high cost of living were killed and injured in a police firing, leading to public violence. The then colonial government suspected the responsibility of UGCC and arrested Dr. Kwame Nkrumah and other leaders. After their release, Kwame Nkrumah led the youth movement in 1948 and announced self-governance for the Gold Coast. Cocoa farmers and trade unions backed the growing movement and built a powerful foundation to form the Convention People’s Party (CPP) in 12th June 1949.
The country has many long-established and modern-day music modes due to its multi-cultural position in Africa. Traditional northern music consists of mixed melodic nature such as Kologo and Gonjey, which are played on stringed and wind musical instruments. Ghanaian pop and Hip-life music type are very popular also in the country. The National Anthem “God Bless Our Homeland Ghana” was written and composed by Philip Gbeho.
The yearly celebration is observed every year on the 6th of March which is characterized by street parties, parades by security workers and students at the Independence Square-Osu. The President takes the acknowledgement and gives a speech on behalf of the whole government. There are also live musical stage performances and cultural displays by traditional dance groups to mark the day.
Ghana has a systme of governance that is a Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic where Parliament is having only one legislative chamber. English is the official language while there are several indigenous languages spoken by the many tribal groups. Ghana is home to world’s largest gold and diamonds mines and the second largest cocoa producer in the world. Lake Volta of Ghana is the largest artificial lake in the world by surface area.